Letter to the Editor
New ultra-cool and brown dwarf candidates in Gaia DR2⋆
Institut UTINAM, CNRS UMR6213, Univ. Bourgogne Franche-Comté, OSU THETA Franche-Comté-Bourgogne, Observatoire de Besançon, 1615, 25010
Besançon Cedex, France
Accepted: 12 September 2018
Context. The second Gaia data release (Gaia DR2) contains high-precision positions, parallaxes, and proper motions for 1.3 billion sources. The resulting Hertzsprung–Russel diagram reveals fine structures throughout the mass range.
Aims. This paper aims to investigate the content of Gaia DR2 at the low-mass end and to characterize ultra-cool and brown dwarfs. Methods. We first retrieved the sample of spectroscopically confirmed ultra-cool and brown dwarfs in Gaia DR2. We used their locus in the precise Hertzsprung–Russel diagram to select new candidates and to investigate their properties.
Results. The number of spectroscopically confirmed objects recovered in Gaia DR2 corresponds to 61% and 74% of the expected number of objects with an estimated Gaia magnitude G est ≤ 21.5 and 20.3, respectively. This fills much of the gap to Gaia DR1. Furthermore, Gaia DR2 contains Ȉ13 000 ≥ M7 and 631 new L candidates. A tentative classification suggests that a few hundred of them are young or subdwarf candidates. Their distance distribution shows that the solar neighborhood census is still incomplete.
Conclusions. Gaia DR2 offers a great wealth of information on low-mass objects. It provides a homogeneous and precise catalog of candidates that is worthwhile to be further characterized with spectroscopic observations.
Key words: stars: low-mass / solar neighborhood / Galaxy: stellar content / surveys / catalogs
Full Table 2 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/619/L8
© ESO 2018