Impact of clumping on core-collapse supernova radiation
Unidad Mixta Internacional Franco-Chilena de Astronomía (CNRS, UMI 3386), Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Camino El Observatorio 1515,
2 Department of Physics and Astronomy & Pittsburgh Particle Physics, Astrophysics, and Cosmology Center (PITT PACC), University of Pittsburgh, 3941 O’Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Accepted: 7 August 2018
There is both observational and theoretical evidence that the ejecta of core-collapse supernovae (SNe) are structured. Rather than being smooth and homogeneous, the material is made of over-dense and under-dense regions of distinct composition. Here, we have explored the effect of clumping on the SN radiation during the photospheric phase using 1D non-local thermodynamic equilibrium radiative transfer and an ejecta model arising from a blue-supergiant explosion (yielding a Type II-peculiar SN). Neglecting chemical segregation, we adopted a velocity-dependent volume-filling factor approach that assumes that the clumps are small but does not change the column density along any sightline. We find that clumping boosts the recombination rate in the photospheric layers, leading to a faster recession of the photosphere, an increase in bolometric luminosity, and a reddening of the SN colors through enhanced blanketing. The SN bolometric light curve peaks earlier and transitions faster to the nebular phase. On the rise to maximum, the strongest luminosity contrast between our clumped and smooth models is obtained at the epoch when the photosphere has receded to ejecta layers where the clumping factor is only 0.5 – this clumping factor may be larger in nature. Clumping is seen to have a similar influence in a Type II-Plateau SN model. As we neglected both porosity and chemical segregation, our models underestimate the true impact of clumping. These results warrant further study of the influence of clumping on the observables of other SN types during the photospheric phase.
Key words: radiative transfer / radiation: dynamics / supernovae: general / supernova: individual: SN 1987A
© ESO 2018