Digital compensation of the sideband-rejection ratio in a fully analog 2SB sub-millimeter receiver
Astronomy Department, University of Chile,
Camino el Observatorio 1515,
2 Electrical Engineering Department, University of Chile, Av. Tupper 2007, Santiago, Chile
3 NOVA/Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Postbus 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
4 Institute of Electricity and Electronics, Faculty of Engineering Sciences, Universidad Austral de Chile, General Lagos 2086, Campus Miraflores, Valdivia, Region de Los Ríos, Chile
Accepted: 4 January 2018
Context. In observational radio astronomy, sideband-separating receivers are preferred, particularly under high atmospheric noise, which is usually the case in the sub-millimeter range. However, obtaining a good rejection ratio between the two sidebands is difficult since, unavoidably, imbalances in the different analog components appear.
Aims. We describe a method to correct these imbalances without making any change in the analog part of the sideband-separating receiver, specifically, keeping the intermediate-frequency (IF) hybrid in place. This opens the possibility of implementing the method in any existing receiver.
Methods. (i) We have built hardware to demonstrate the validity of the method and tested it on a fully analog receiver operating between 600 and 720 GHz. (ii) We have tested the stability of calibration and performance versus time and after full resets of the receiver. (iii) We have performed an error analysis to compare the digital compensation in two configurations of analog receivers, with and without intermediate-frequency hybrid.
Results. (i) An average compensated sideband-rejection ratio of 46 dB is obtained. (ii) Degradation of the compensated sideband rejection ratio on time and after several resets of the receiver is minimal. (iii) A receiver with an IF hybrid is more robust to systematic errors. Moreover, we have shown that the intrinsic random errors in calibration have the same impact for configuration without IF hybrid and for a configuration with IF hybrid with analog rejection ratio better than 10 dB.
Conclusions. We demonstrate that compensated rejection ratios above 40 dB are obtained even in the presence of high analog rejection. Further, we demonstrate that the method is robust allowing its use under normal operational conditions at any telescope. We also demonstrate that a full analog receiver is more robust against systematic errors. Finally, the error bars associated with the compensated rejection ratio are almost independent of whether IF hybrid is present or not.
Key words: instrumentation: miscellaneous / methods: miscellaneous / techniques: miscellaneous
© ESO 2018