Origin of the hemispheric asymmetry of solar activity
Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 3, 37077, Göttingen, Germany
Accepted: 13 July 2018
The frequency spectrum of the hemispheric asymmetry of solar activity shows enhanced power for the period ranges around 8.5 years and between 30 and 50 years. This can be understood as the sum and beat periods of the superposition of two dynamo modes: a dipolar mode with a (magnetic) period of about 22 years and a quadrupolar mode with a period between 13 and 15 years. An updated Babcock–Leighton-type dynamo model with weak driving as indicated by stellar observations shows an excited dipole mode and a damped quadrupole mode in the correct range of periods. Random excitation of the quadrupole by stochastic fluctuations of the source term for the poloidal field leads to a time evolution of activity and asymmetry that is consistent with the observational results.
Key words: Sun: activity / Sun: magnetic fields / dynamo
© ESO 2018