A type III radio burst automatic analysis system and statistic results for a half solar cycle with Nançay Decameter Array data⋆
CAS Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment, School of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, PR China
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2 Collaborative Innovation Center of Astronautical Science and Technology, Hefei, Anhui 230026, PR China
Accepted: 22 July 2018
Aims. We design an event recognition-analysis system that can automatically detect solar type III radio burst and can mine information of the burst from the dynamic spectra observed by Nançay Decameter Array (NDA). We investigate the frequency drift rate of type III bursts and the speed of electron beams responsible for the generation of the bursts.
Methods. Several computer vision methods are used in this automatic analysis system. The Hough transform is performed to recognize the line segment associated with type III bursts in the dynamic spectra. A modified active contour model is used to track the backbone of the burst and estimate the frequency drift rate at different frequency channels. We run this system on the NDA data from 2012 to 2017, and give a statistical survey of the event number distribution, the starting and stopping frequencies of bursts, the frequency dependence of the drift rate, and the exciter speed using three corona density models.
Results. The median value of the average frequency drift rates is about 6.94 MHz s−1 for 1389 simple well-isolated type III bursts detected in the frequency range 10–80 MHz of NDA observation. The frequency drift rate changes with frequency as d f/dt = −0.0672 f1.23 from a least-squares fitting. The average exciter speed is about 0.2c based the density models. We do not find any significant dependence of the drift rate and the exciter speed on the solar activity cycle.
Key words: Sun: radio radiation / Sun: activity / plasmas / methods: data analysis / techniques: image processing
A table of the observation time, starting/stopping frequencies, and average frequency drift rates of the 1389 type III bursts is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/618/A165
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