LBT/ARGOS adaptive optics observations of z ∼ 2 lensed galaxies⋆
1 INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo Enrico Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
2 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Firenze, Via G. Sansone 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze, Italy
3 Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, 19 J. J. Thomson Ave., Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK
4 Kavli Institute for Cosmology, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
5 Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE), Giessenbachstr. 1, 85748 Garching, Germany
6 Max-Planck Instiut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
7 Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano, Italy
8 Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
9 Space sciences, Technologies and Astrophysics Research Institute, Université de Liège, Allée du Six Août 17, 4000 Liège, Belgium
10 Large Binocular Telescope Observatory, Tucson, Arizona, USA
Accepted: 14 June 2018
Aims. Gravitationally lensed systems allow a detailed view of galaxies at high redshift. High spatial- and spectral-resolution measurements of arc-like structures can offer unique constraints on the physical and dynamical properties of high-z systems.
Methods. We present near-infrared spectra centred on the gravitational arcs of six known z ∼ 2 lensed star-forming galaxies of stellar masses of 109−11 M⊙ and star formation rate (SFR) in the range between 10 and 400 M⊙ yr−1. Ground layer adaptive optics (AO)-assisted observations are obtained at the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) with the LUCI spectrographs during the commissioning of the ARGOS facility. We used MOS masks with curved slits to follow the extended arched structures and study the diagnostic emission lines. LBT observations are used to demonstrate the spectroscopic capabilities of ARGOS.
Results. Combining spatially resolved kinematic properties across the arc-like morphologies, emission line diagnostics and archival information, we distinguish between merging and rotationally supported systems, and reveal the possible presence of ejected gas. For galaxies that have evidence for outflows, we derive outflow energetics and mass-loading factors compatible with those observed for stellar winds in local and high-z galaxies. We also use flux ratio diagnostics to derive gas-phase metallicities. The low signal-to-noise ratio in the faint Hβ and nitrogen lines allows us to derive an upper limit of ≈0.15 dex for the spatial variations in metallicity along the slit for the lensed galaxy J1038.
Conclusions. Analysed near-infrared spectra presented here represent the first scientific demonstration of performing AO-assisted multi-object spectroscopy with narrow curved-shape slits. The increased angular and spectral resolution, combined with the binocular operation mode with the 8.4 m wide eyes of LBT, will allow the characterisation of kinematic and chemical properties of a large sample of galaxies at high-z in the near future.
Key words: galaxies: evolution / galaxies: high-redshift / ISM: jets and outflows / ISM: abundances
The LBT is an international collaboration among institutions in the United States, Italy and Germany. LBT Corporation partners are: The University of Arizona on behalf of the Arizona university system; Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, Italy; LBT Beteiligungsgesellschaft, Germany, representing the Max-Planck Society, the Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, and Heidelberg University; The Ohio State University, and The Research Corporation, on behalf of The University of Notre Dame, University of Minnesota and University of Virginia.
© ESO 2018