Volume 617, September 2018
|Number of page(s)||44|
|Section||Catalogs and data|
|Published online||25 September 2018|
VLTI/MIDI atlas of disks around low- and intermediate-mass young stellar objects⋆
Konkoly Observatory, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, 1121, Budapest, Hungary
2 Institute for Physics/IGAM, NAWI Graz, University of Graz, Universitätsplatz 5/II, 8010, Graz, Austria
3 Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117, Heidelberg, Germany
4 Laboratoire Lagrange, Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Boulevard de l’Observatoire, CS 34229, 06304, Nice Cedex 4, France
5 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, 2333 CA, Leiden, The Netherlands
6 Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, UK
7 Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
8 Park of Stars in Zselic, 064/2 hrsz., 7477 Zselickisfalud, Hungary
Accepted: 12 April 2018
Context. Protoplanetary disks show large diversity regarding their morphology and dust composition. With mid-infrared interferometry the thermal emission of disks can be spatially resolved, and the distribution and properties of the dust within can be studied.
Aims. Our aim is to perform a statistical analysis on a large sample of 82 disks around low- and intermediate-mass young stars, based on mid-infrared interferometric observations. We intend to study the distribution of disk sizes, variability, and the silicate dust mineralogy.
Methods. Archival mid-infrared interferometric data from the MIDI instrument on the Very Large Telescope Interferometer are homogeneously reduced and calibrated. Geometric disk models are used to fit the observations to get spatial information about the disks. An automatic spectral decomposition pipeline is applied to analyze the shape of the silicate feature.
Results. We present the resulting data products in the form of an atlas, containing N band correlated and total spectra, visibilities, and differential phases. The majority of our data can be well fitted with a continuous disk model, except for a few objects, where a gapped model gives a better match. From the mid-infrared size–luminosity relation we find that disks around T Tauri stars are generally colder and more extended with respect to the stellar luminosity than disks around Herbig Ae stars. We find that in the innermost part of the disks (r ≲ 1 au) the silicate feature is generally weaker than in the outer parts, suggesting that in the inner parts the dust is substantially more processed. We analyze stellar multiplicity and find that in two systems (AB Aur and HD 72106) data suggest a new companion or asymmetric inner disk structure. We make predictions for the observability of our objects with the upcoming Multi-AperTure mid-Infrared SpectroScopic Experiment (MATISSE) instrument, supporting the practical preparations of future MATISSE observations of T Tauri stars.
Key words: protoplanetary disks / stars: pre-main sequence / techniques: interferometric / circumstellar matter / infrared: stars
Full Table E.1 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/617/A83
© ESO 2018
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