A complete sample of LSP blazars fully described in γ-rays
New γ-ray detections and associations with Fermi-LAT
Science Data Center della Agencia Spaziale Italiana, SSDC - ASI,
2 Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin, UNICAMP, R. Sérgio Buarque de Holanda 777, 13083-859 Campinas, Brazil
3 ICRANet-Rio, CBPF, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
4 ASI - Agenzia Spaziale Italiana, Via del Politecnico snc, 00133 Roma, Italy
Accepted: 22 March 2018
Context. We study the γ-ray and broadband spectral energy distribution (SED) properties of a complete sample of 104 bright, radio-selected low-synchrotron peaked (LSP) blazars, which have well-characterized SEDs from radio to X-rays. Most of the sources have already been detected in the γ-ray band by Fermi-LAT, however almost 20% of these blazars have no counterpart in any of the Fermi catalogs published so far.
Aims. Using the Fermi Science Tools, we look for γ-ray emission for those objects not yet reported in any Fermi-LAT catalog, finding new detections and associations. We then study the multifrequency SED for all sources in our sample, fitting their synchrotron (Syn) and inverse Compton (IC) components. A complete sample of LSP blazars with a full description in γ-ray is unique. We use this sample to derive the distribution of the Compton dominance (CD) along with population properties such as Syn and IC peak power, and frequency distributions.
Methods. We performed a binned likelihood analysis in the 0.3–500 GeV energy band with Fermi-LAT Pass 8 data, integrating over 7.5 yr of observations. We studied γ-ray light curves and test statistic (TS) maps to validate new detections and associations, thereby building a better picture of the high-energy activity in radio-selected LSP blazars. We fit the IC component for the new detections using all data at our disposal from X-rays to GeV γ-rays, enhancing the amount of information available to study the Syn to IC peak-power correlations.
Results. We deliver a unique characterization in γ-rays for a complete sample of LSP blazars. We show that three previously unidentified 3FGL sources can be associated with blazars when using improved γ-ray positions obtained from TS maps. Six previously unreported γ-ray sources are detected at TS > 20 level, while another three show TS values between 10–20. We evaluate two cases in which source confusion is likely present. In four cases there is no significant γ-ray signature when integrating over 7.5 yr. Short-lived flares at ~1 month scale, however, have been detected in these sources. Finally, we measure the log(CD) for the sample, which has a Gaussian-like distribution with median log(CD) ≈ 0.1, implying that on average the peak-power for the Syn and IC components in LSP blazars is similar.
Key words: gamma rays: galaxies / galaxies: active
© ESO 2018