Volume 616, August 2018
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||14 August 2018|
Physical parameters and ±0.2% parallax of the detached eclipsing binary V923 Scorpii⋆
Astronomical Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, 059 60 Tatranská Lomnica, Slovakia
2 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Córdova 3107, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19, Chile
3 Unidad Mixta Internacional Franco-Chilena de Astronomía (CNRS UMI 3386), Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Camino El Observatorio 1515, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
4 LESIA (UMR 8109), Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, UPMC, Univ. Paris-Diderot, 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
5 Department of Mathematics, Physics and Geology, Cape Breton University, 1250 Grand Lake Road, B1P 6L2 Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
6 Canadian Coast Guard College, Department of Arts, Sciences, and Languages, Sydney, Nova Scotia B1R 2J6, Canada
7 Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
8 Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstr., 85748 Garching, Germany
9 Faculdade de Engenharia, Universidade do Porto, rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal
10 CENTRA – Centro de Astrofísica e Gravitação, IST, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
11 Physikalisches Institut, Universität zu Köln, Zülpicher Str. 77, 50937 Köln, Germany
12 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T1Z1, Canada
13 Département de physique, Université de Montréal, CP 6128, Succursale Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada
14 Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4, Canada
15 University of Vienna, Institute for Astronomy, Türkenschanzstrasse 17, 1180 Vienna, Austria
Accepted: 18 April 2018
Context. V923 Sco is a bright (V = 5.91), nearby (π = 15.46 ± 0.40 mas) southern eclipsing binary. Because both components are slow rotators, the minimum masses of the components are known with 0.2% precision from spectroscopy. The system seems ideal for very precise mass, radius, and luminosity determinations and, owing to its proximity and long orbital period (~34.8 days), promises to be resolved with long-baseline interferometry.
Aims. The principal aim is very accurate determinations of absolute stellar parameters for both components of the eclipsing binary and a model-independent determination of the distance.
Methods. New high-precision photometry of both eclipses of V923 Sco with the MOST satellite was obtained. The system was spatially resolved with the VLTI AMBER, PIONIER, and GRAVITY instruments at nine epochs. Combining the projected size of the spectroscopic orbit (in km) and visual orbit (in mas) the distance to the system is derived. Simultaneous analysis of photometric, spectroscopic, and interferometric data was performed to obtain a robust determination of the absolute parameters.
Results. Very precise absolute parameters of the components were derived in spite of the parameter correlations. The primary component is found to be overluminous for its mass. Combining spectroscopic and interferometric observations enabled us to determine the distance to V923 Sco with better than 0.2% precision, which provides a stringent test of Gaia parallaxes.
Conclusions. It is shown that combining spectroscopic and interferometric observations of nearby eclipsing binaries can lead to extremely accurate parallaxes and stellar parameters.
Key words: binaries: spectroscopic / binaries: eclipsing / stars: fundamental parameters / parallaxes / stars: distances
Based on observations made with ESO telescopes at the Paranal Observatory, under ESO program 091.D-0207 and data from the MOST satellite, a former Canadian Space Agency mission, jointly operated by Microsatellite Systems Canada Inc. (MSCI; formerly Dynacon Inc.), the University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies, and the University of British Columbia; assistance was provided by the University of Vienna.
© ESO 2018
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