Letter to the Editor
Revised SED of the triple protostellar system VLA 1623−2417
Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA, Leiden, The Netherlands
2 Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
3 Institute of Astronomy and Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, 101 Section 2 Kuang Fu Road, Hsinchu, 30013 , Taiwan
4 Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P.O. Box 23-141, 10617 Taipei, Taiwan
Accepted: 2 July 2018
Context. VLA 1623−2417 is a triple protostellar system deeply embedded in Ophiuchus A. Sources A and B have a separation of 1.1″, making their study difficult beyond the submillimeter regime. Lack of circumstellar gas emission suggested that VLA 1623−2417 B has a very cold envelope and is much younger than source A, which is generally considered the prototypical Class 0 source.
Aims. We explore the consequences of new ALMA Band 9 data on the spectral energy distribution (SED) of VLA 1623−2417 and their inferred nature.
Methods. We constructed and analyzed the SED of each component in VLA 1623−2417 using dust continuum observations spanning from centimeter to near-infrared wavelengths.
Results. The ALMA Band 9 data presented in this work show that the SED of VLA 1623−2417 B does not peak at 850 µm as previously expected, but instead presents the same shape as VLA 1623−2417 A at wavelengths shorter than 450 µm.
Conclusions. The results presented in this work indicate that the previous assumption that the flux in Herschel and Spitzer observations is solely dominated by VLA 1623−2417 A is not valid, and instead, VLA 1623−2417 B most likely contributes a significant portion of the flux at λ < 450 µm. These results, however, do not explain the lack of circumstellar gas emission and puzzling nature of VLA 1623−2417 B.
Key words: stars: formation / stars: low-mass / ISM: individual objects: VLA 1623-2417 / methods: observational / techniques: interferometric
© ESO 2018