Volume 615, July 2018
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||26 July 2018|
Two new magnetic cataclysmic variables discovered in the 3XMM catalogue
IRAP, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, CNES, Toulouse, France
2 Leibniz-Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
3 Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow State University, Universitetskij pr. 13, 119992 Moscow, Russia
4 Special Astrophysical Observatory of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 369167 Nizhnij Arkhyz, Russia
5 University of New Hampshire, 8 College Road, DurhamNH 03824-2600, USA
6 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK
Accepted: 23 March 2018
Context. X-ray catalogues provide a wealth of information on many source types, ranging from compact objects to galaxies, clusters of galaxies, stars, and even planets. Thanks to the huge volume of X-ray sources provided in the 3XMM catalogue, along with many source specific products, many new examples from rare classes of sources can be identified.
Aims. Through visualising spectra and lightcurves from about 80 observations included in the incremental part of the 3XMM catalogue, 3XMM-DR5, as part of the quality control of the catalogue, we identified two new X-ray sources, 3XMM J183333.1+225136 and 3XMM J184916.1+652943, that were highly variable. This work aims to investigate their nature.
Methods. Through simple model fitting of the X-ray spectra and analysis of the X-ray lightcurves of 3XMM J183333.1+225136 and 3XMM J184916.1+652943, along with complementary photometry from the XMM-Newton Optical Monitor, Pan-STARRS and the Stella/WiFSIP and Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) spectra, we suggest that the two sources might be magnetic cataclysmic variables (CVs) of the polar type and we determine some of their properties.
Results. Both CVs have very hard spectra, showing no soft excess. They are both situated in the local neighbourhood, located within ~1 kpc. 3XMM J183333.1+225136 has an orbital period of 2.15 h. It shows features in the lightcurve that may be a total eclipse of the white dwarf. 3XMM J184916.1+652943 has an orbital period of 1.6 h. Given that only a small sky area was searched to identify these CVs, future sensitive all sky surveys such as the eROSITA project should be very successful at uncovering large numbers of such sources.
Key words: novae, cataclysmic variables / white dwarfs / accretion, accretion disks / catalogs / X-rays: individuals: 3XMM J183333.1+225136 / X-rays: individuals: 3XMM J184916.1+652943
© ESO 2018
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