Volume 614, June 2018
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||28 June 2018|
Multi-epoch monitoring of the AA Tauri-like star V 354 Mon
Indications for a low gas-to-dust ratio in the inner disk warp
Hamburger Sternwarte, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg, Germany
2 Scientific Support Office, Directorate of Science, European Space Research and Technology Center (ESA/ESTEC), Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZNoordwijk, The Netherlands
3 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
4 Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Gießenbachstrasse 1, Garching bei München, Germany
5 Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, MA02139 Cambridge, USA
6 Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Yiheyuan 5, Haidian Qu, 100871 Beijing, PR China
7 INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
8 Institut für Astrophysik, Universität Wien, Türkenschanzstrasse 17, 1180 Vienna, Austria
9 Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB), Universitat de Barcelona (IEEC-UB), Martí Franquès 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
10 Scottish Universities Physics Alliance (SUPA), School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, North Haugh, Fife, KY16 9SS St. Andrews, UK
Accepted: 15 February 2018
Disk warps around classical T Tauri stars (CTTSs) can periodically obscure the central star for some viewing geometries. For these so- called AA Tau-like variables, the obscuring material is located in the inner disk and absorption spectroscopy allows one to characterize its dust and gas content. Since the observed emission from CTTSs consists of several components (photospheric, accretion, jet, and disk emission), which can all vary with time, it is generally challenging to disentangling disk features from emission variability. Multi- epoch, flux-calibrated, broadband spectra provide us with the necessary information to cleanly separate absorption from emission variability. We applied this method to three epochs of VLT/X-shooter spectra of the CTTS V 354 Mon (CSI Mon-660) located in NGC 2264 and find that: (a) the accretion emission remains virtually unchanged between the three epochs; (b) the broadband flux evolution is best described by disk material obscuring part of the star, and (c) the Na and K gas absorption lines show only a minor increase in equivalent width during phases of high dust extinction. The limits on the absorbing gas column densities indicate a low gas-to-dust ratio in the inner disk, less than a tenth of the ISM value. We speculate that the evolutionary state of V 354 Mon, rather old with a low accretion rate, is responsible for the dust excess through an evolution toward a dust dominated disk or through the fragmentation of larger bodies that drifted inward from larger radii in a still gas dominated disk.
Key words: stars: variables: T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be / stars: individual: v354 Mon / circumstellar matter / accretion, accretion disks / protoplanetary disks
© ESO 2018
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