Volume 613, May 2018
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||04 June 2018|
Rotational broadening and conservation of angular momentum in post-extreme horizontal branch stars
Département de Physique, Université de Montréal,
Succ. Centre-Ville, C.P. 6128,
H3C 3J7, Canada
2 Dr. Karl Remeis-Observatory & ECAP, Astronomical Institute, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Sternwartstr. 7, 96049 Bamberg, Germany
Accepted: 29 December 2017
We show that the recent realization that isolated post-extreme horizontal branch (post-EHB) stars are generally characterized by rotational broadening with values of V rot sini between 25 and 30 km s−1 can be explained as a natural consequence of the conservation of angular momentum from the previous He-core burning phase on the EHB. The progenitors of these evolved objects, the EHB stars, are known to be slow rotators with an average value of V rot sini of ~7.7 km s−1. This implies significant spin-up between the EHB and post-EHB phases. Using representative evolutionary models of hot subdwarf stars, we demonstrate that angular momentum conservation in uniformly rotating structures (rigid-body rotation) boosts that value of the projected equatorial rotation speed by a factor ~3.6 by the time the model has reached the region of the surface gravity-effective temperature plane where the newly-studied post-EHB objects are found. This is exactly what is needed to account for their observed atmospheric broadening. We note that the decrease of the moment of inertia causing the spin-up is mostly due to the redistribution of matter that produces more centrally-condensed structures in the post-EHB phase of evolution, not to the decrease of the radius per se.
Key words: stars: evolution / stars: rotation / stars: atmospheres / subdwarfs
© ESO 2018
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