Volume 504, Number 3, September IV 2009
|Page(s)||L13 - L16|
|Published online||27 August 2009|
Letter to the Editor
The masses of hot subdwarfs
National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011, PR China e-mail: X.F.Zhang@live.com
2 Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, PR China
Accepted: 21 August 2009
Context. Masses are a fundamental parameter, but they are not well known for most hot subdwarfs. In general, the mass of a hot subdwarf is derived with asteroseismology or dynamical methods, for which it is often difficult to obtain the necessary data from observations.
Aims. We intend to find an approach to deriving the masses of hot subdwarfs from observational data in the literature.
Methods. We presented full evolutionary calculations for hot subdwarfs in a wide mass range (0.33 to 1.4 ) for a Population I metallicity of , and obtained a relation between Mp and , where Mp, Teff, and g are the most probable mass, effective temperature, and gravity. This relation is used to study the masses of some observed hot subdwarfs.
Results. We proposed a method of determining the masses of hot subdwarfs. Using this method, we studied the masses of hot subdwarfs from the ESO supernova Ia progenitor survey and Hamburg quasar survey. The study shows that most of subdwarf B stars have masses between 0.42 and 0.54 , whilst most sdO stars are in the range . Comparing our study to the theoretical mass distributions of Han et al. (2003, MNRAS, 341, 669), we found that sdO stars with mass less than ~0.5 may evolve from sdB stars, whilst most high-mass(>0.5 ) sdO stars result from mergers directly.
Key words: stars: fundamental parameters / stars: horizontal-branch / subdwarfs
© ESO, 2009
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