The GAPS programme with HARPS-N at TNG
XVI. Measurement of the Rossiter–McLaughlin effect of transiting planetary systems HAT-P-3, HAT-P-12, HAT-P-22, WASP-39, and WASP-60★
Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma Tor Vergata,
Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1,
2 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, via Moiariello, 16, 80131 Naples, Italy
3 Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
4 INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino, via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese, Italy
5 Astrophysics Group, Keele University, Keele ST5 5BG, UK
6 INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy
7 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
8 Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova University Center, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
9 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via E. Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate (LC), Italy
10 Institute of Planetary Research, German Aerospace Center, Rutherfordstrasse 2, 12489 Berlin, Germany
11 Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK
12 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Piazza del Parlamento 1, 90134 Palermo, Italy
13 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
14 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G. B. Tiepolo 11, 34143 Trieste, Italy
15 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia G. Galilei, Università di Padova, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 2, 35122 Padova, Italy
16 INAF – Fundación Galileo Galilei, Rambla José Ana Fernandez Pérez 7, 38712 Breña Baja, Spain
17 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Cagliari, Via della Scienza 5, 09047 Selargius (CA), Italy
18 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, via Frascati 33, 00040 Monte Porzio Catone (Roma), Italy
Accepted: 9 February 2018
Context. The measurement of the orbital obliquity of hot Jupiters with different physical characteristics can provide clues to the mechanisms of migration and orbital evolution of this particular class of giant exoplanets.
Aims. We aim to derive the degree of alignment between planetary orbit and stellar spin angular momentum vectors and look for possible links with other orbital and fundamental physical parameters of the star-planet system. We focus on the characterisation of five transiting planetary systems (HAT-P-3, HAT-P-12, HAT-P-22, WASP-39, and WASP-60) and the determination of their sky-projected planet orbital obliquity through the measurement of the Rossiter–McLaughlin effect.
Methods. We used HARPS-N high-precision radial velocity measurements, gathered during transit events, to measure the Rossiter–McLaughlin effect in the target systems and determine the sky-projected angle between the planetary orbital plane and stellar equator. The characterisation of stellar atmospheric parameters was performed by exploiting the HARPS-N spectra, using line equivalent width ratios and spectral synthesis methods. Photometric parameters of the five transiting exoplanets were re-analysed through 17 new light curves, obtained with an array of medium-class telescopes, and other light curves from the literature. Survey-time-series photometric data were analysed for determining the rotation periods of the five stars and their spin inclination.
Results. From the analysis of the Rossiter–McLaughlin effect we derived a sky-projected obliquity of λ = 21.2° ± 8.7°, λ = −54°−13°+41°, λ = −2.1° ± 3.0°, λ = 0° ± 11°, and λ = −129° ± 17° for HAT-P-3 b, HAT-P-12 b, HAT-P-22 b, WASP-39 b, and WASP-60 b, respectively. The latter value indicates that WASP-60 b is moving on a retrograde orbit. These values represent the first measurements of λ for the five exoplanetary systems under study. The stellar activity of HAT-P-22 indicates a rotation period of 28.7 ± 0.4 days, which allowed us to estimate the true misalignment angle of HAT-P-22 b, ψ = 24° ± 18°. The revision of the physical parameters of the five exoplanetary systems returned values that are fully compatible with those existing in the literature. The exception to this is the WASP-60 system, for which, based on higher quality spectroscopic and photometric data, we found a more massive and younger star and a larger and hotter planet.
Key words: planetary systems / stars: late-type / stars: fundamental parameters / techniques: radial velocities / techniques: photometric
Tables of the light curve and radial velocity data are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/613/A41
© ESO 2018