Letter to the Editor
More about solar g modes
Université Côte d’Azur, Observatoire Côte d’Azur, CNRS, Laboratoire Lagrange,
Nice cedex 4, France
Accepted: 20 February 2018
Context. The detection of asymptotic solar g-mode parameters was the main goal of the GOLF instrument onboard the SOHO space observatory. This detection has recently been reported and has identified a rapid mean rotation of the solar core, with a one-week period, nearly four times faster than all the rest of the solar body, from the surface to the bottom of the radiative zone.
Aim. We present here the detection of more g modes of higher degree, and a more precise estimation of all their parameters, which will have to be exploited as additional constraints in modeling the solar core.
Methods. Having identified the period equidistance and the splitting of a large number of asymptotic g modes of degrees 1 and 2, we test a model of frequencies of these modes by a cross-correlation with the power spectrum from which they have been detected. It shows a high correlation peak at lag zero, showing that the model is hidden but present in the real spectrum. The model parameters can then be adjusted to optimize the position (at exactly zero lag) and the height of this correlation peak. The same method is then extended to the search for modes of degrees 3 and 4, which were not detected in the previous analysis.
Results. g-mode parameters are optimally measured in similar-frequency bandwidths, ranging from 7 to 8 μHz at one end and all close to 30 μHz at the other end, for the degrees 1 to 4. They include the four asymptotic period equidistances, the slight departure from equidistance of the detected periods for l = 1 and l = 2, the measured amplitudes, functions of the degree and the tesseral order, and the splittings that will possibly constrain the estimated sharpness of the transition between the one-week mean rotation of the core and the almost four-week rotation of the radiative envelope. The g-mode periods themselves are crucial inputs in the solar core structure helioseismic investigation.
Key words: Sun: interior / Sun: helioseismology / Sun: rotation / Sun: oscillations
© ESO 2018
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.