Volume 612, April 2018
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||13 April 2018|
Imprints of the large-scale structure on AGN formation and evolution
Excellence Cluster Universe, Technische Universität München,
2 Max-Planck-Insitut für Astrophysik (MPA), Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 1, 85741 Garching, Germany
3 Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1, 80539 München, Germany
4 Institut Lagrange de Paris (ILP), Sorbonne Universités, 98bis boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France
5 Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris (IAP), UMR 7095, CNRS – UPMC Université Paris 6, Sorbonne Universités, 98bis boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France
Accepted: 8 January 2018
Black hole masses are found to correlate with several global properties of their host galaxies, suggesting that black holes and galaxies have an intertwined evolution and that active galactic nuclei (AGN) have a significant impact on galaxy evolution. Since the large-scale environment can also affect AGN, this work studies how their formation and properties depend on the environment. We have used a reconstructed three-dimensional high-resolution density field obtained from a Bayesian large-scale structure reconstruction method applied to the 2M++ galaxy sample. A web-type classification relying on the shear tensor is used to identify different structures on the cosmic web, defining voids, sheets, filaments, and clusters. We confirm that the environmental density affects the AGN formation and their properties. We found that the AGN abundance is equivalent to the galaxy abundance, indicating that active and inactive galaxies reside in similar dark matter halos. However, occurrence rates are different for each spectral type and accretion rate. These differences are consistent with the AGN evolutionary sequence suggested by previous authors, Seyferts and Transition objects transforming into low-ionization nuclear emission line regions (LINERs), the weaker counterpart of Seyferts. We conclude that AGN properties depend on the environmental density more than on the web-type. More powerful starbursts and younger stellar populations are found in high densities, where interactions and mergers are more likely. AGN hosts show smaller masses in clusters for Seyferts and Transition objects, which might be due to gas stripping. In voids, the AGN population is dominated by the most massive galaxy hosts.
Key words: large-scale structure of Universe / galaxies: active / galaxies: evolution / galaxies: formation / galaxies: Seyfert
© ESO 2018
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