PSR J1618−3921: a recycled pulsar in an eccentric orbit
Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l’Environnement et de l’Espace – Université d’Orléans/CNRS,
Orléans Cedex 02, France
2 Station de radioastronomie de Nançay, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS/INSU, 18330 Nançay, France
3 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
4 Argelander-Institut für Astronomie, Universität Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany
5 Laboratoire Univers et Théories (LUTh), Observatoire de Paris, CNRS/INSU, Université Paris Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92190 Meudon, France
Accepted: 21 January 2018
Context. The 11.99 ms pulsar PSR J1618−3921 orbits a He white dwarf companion of probably low mass with a period of 22.7 d. The pulsar was discovered in a survey of the intermediate Galactic latitudes at 1400 MHz that was conducted with the Parkes radio telescope in the late 1990s. Although PSR J1618−3921 was discovered more than 15 years ago, only limited information has been published about this pulsar, which has a surprisingly high orbital eccentricity (e ≃ 0.027) considering its high spin frequency and the likely low mass of the companion.
Aims. The focus of this work is a precise measurement of the spin and the astrometric and orbital characteristics of PSR J1618−3921. This was done with timing observations made at the Nançay Radio Telescope from 2009 to 2017.
Methods. We analyzed the timing data recorded at the Nançay Radio Telescope over several years to characterize the properties of PSR J1618−3921. A rotation ephemeris for this pulsar was obtained by analyzing the arrival times of the radio pulses at the telescope.
Results. We confirm the unusual eccentricity of PSR J1618−3921 and discuss several hypotheses regarding its formation in the context of other discoveries of recycled pulsars in eccentric orbits.
Key words: pulsars: individual: PSR J1618–3921 / ephemerides
© ESO 2018
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.