Volume 611, March 2018
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||10 April 2018|
Letter to the Editor
Chromospheric counterparts of solar transition region unresolved fine structure loops★
Rosseland Centre for Solar Physics, University of Oslo,
PO Box 1029 Blindern,
2 Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, PO Box 1029 Blindern, 0315 Oslo, Norway
3 Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, Org. A021S, Bldg. 252, 3251 Hanover St., Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
Accepted: 7 March 2018
Low-lying loops have been discovered at the solar limb in transition region temperatures by the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS). They do not appear to reach coronal temperatures, and it has been suggested that they are the long-predicted unresolved fine structures (UFS). These loops are dynamic and believed to be visible during both heating and cooling phases. Making use of coordinated observations between IRIS and the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope, we study how these loops impact the solar chromosphere. We show for the first time that there is indeed a chromospheric signal of these loops, seen mostly in the form of strong Doppler shifts and a conspicuous lack of chromospheric heating. In addition, we find that several instances have a inverse Y-shaped jet just above the loop, suggesting that magnetic reconnection is driving these events. Our observations add several puzzling details to the current knowledge of these newly discovered structures; this new information must be considered in theoretical models.
Key words: Sun: chromosphere / Sun: transition region / Sun: UV radiation
Two movies associated to Fig. 1 are available at https://www.aanda.org
© ESO 2018
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