Persistent magnetic vortex flow at a supergranular vertex★
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias,
Vía Láctea s/n,
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 3, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
3 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
4 Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
5 Bay Area Environmental Research Institute, Petaluma, CA 94952, USA
6 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC), Apdo. de Correos 3004, 18080 Granada, Spain
Accepted: 1 December 2017
Context. Photospheric vortex flows are thought to play a key role in the evolution of magnetic fields. Recent studies show that these swirling motions are ubiquitous in the solar surface convection and occur in a wide range of temporal and spatial scales. Their interplay with magnetic fields is poorly characterized, however.
Aims. We study the relation between a persistent photospheric vortex flow and the evolution of a network magnetic element at a supergranular vertex.
Methods. We used long-duration sequences of continuum intensity images acquired with Hinode and the local correlation-tracking method to derive the horizontal photospheric flows. Supergranular cells are detected as large-scale divergence structures in the flow maps. At their vertices, and cospatial with network magnetic elements, the velocity flows converge on a central point.
Results. One of these converging flows is observed as a vortex during the whole 24 h time series. It consists of three consecutive vortices that appear nearly at the same location. At their core, a network magnetic element is also detected. Its evolution is strongly correlated to that of the vortices. The magnetic feature is concentrated and evacuated when it is caught by the vortices and is weakened and fragmented after the whirls disappear.
Conclusions. This evolutionary behavior supports the picture presented previously, where a small flux tube becomes stable when it is surrounded by a vortex flow.
Key words: Sun: granulation / Sun: magnetic fields / Sun: photosphere / methods: observational
A movie attached to Fig. 2 is available at https://www.aanda.org
© ESO 2018