Volume 607, November 2017
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||20 November 2017|
Evidence for different accretion regimes in GRO J1008−57
1 Dr. Karl Remeis-Observatory & ECAP, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Sternwartstr. 7, 96049 Bamberg, Germany
2 Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
3 European Space Astronomy Centre (ESA/ESAC), Operations Department, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692 Madrid, Spain
4 CRESST/CSST/Department of Physics, UMBC, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA
5 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
6 Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
7 Institut für Astronomie und Astrophysik, Universität Tübingen, Sand 1, 72076 Tübingen, Germany
Received: 16 June 2016
Accepted: 14 August 2017
We present a comprehensive spectral analysis of the BeXRB GRO J1008−57 over a luminosity range of three orders of magnitude using NuSTAR, Suzaku, and RXTE data. We find significant evolution of the spectral parameters with luminosity. In particular, the photon index hardens with increasing luminosity at intermediate luminosities in the range 1036–1037 erg s-1. This evolution is stable and repeatedly observed over different outbursts. However, at the extreme ends of the observed luminosity range, we find that the correlation breaks down, with a significance level of at least 3.7σ. We conclude that these changes indicate transitions to different accretion regimes, which are characterized by different deceleration processes, such as Coulomb or radiation breaking. We compare our observed luminosity levels of these transitions to theoretical predications and discuss the variation of those theoretical luminosity values with fundamental neutron star parameters. Finally, we present detailed spectroscopy of the unique “triple peaked” outburst in 2014/15 which does not fit in the general parameter evolution with luminosity. The pulse profile on the other hand is consistent with what is expected at this luminosity level, arguing against a change in accretion geometry. In summary, GRO J1008−57 is an ideal target to study different accretion regimes due to the well-constrained evolution of its broad-band spectral continuum over several orders of magnitude in luminosity.
Key words: X-rays: binaries / stars: neutron / stars: emission-line, Be / pulsars: individual: GRO J1008-57
© ESO, 2017
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