Volume 603, July 2017
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||06 July 2017|
NH3 (10–00) in the pre-stellar core L1544⋆
1 Centre for Astrochemical Studies, Max-Planck-Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Giessenbachstrasse 1, 85748 Garching, Germany
2 INAF–Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, 50125 Firenze, Italy
3 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
4 Observatorio Astronómico Nacional (IGN), Calle Alfonso XII, 3 Madrid, Spain
5 LERMA and UMR 8112 du CNRS, Observatoire de Paris, 61 Av. de l’Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France
6 Centre for Star and Planet Formation, Niels Bohr Institute and Natural History Museum of Denmark, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 5–7, 1350 Copenhagen, Denmark
7 SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Landleven 12, 9747 AD Groningen, The Netherlands
8 Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
9 The Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin 2, Ireland
10 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, 00040 Monte Porzio Catone, Italy
11 Center for Computational Science, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, 305-8577 Ibaraki, Japan
12 Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, 38000 Grenoble, France
13 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
Received: 7 May 2017
Accepted: 8 June 2017
Pre-stellar cores represent the initial conditions in the process of star and planet formation, therefore it is important to study their physical and chemical structure. Because of their volatility, nitrogen-bearing molecules are key to study the dense and cold gas present in pre-stellar cores. The NH3 rotational transition detected with Herschel-HIFI provides a unique combination of sensitivity and spectral resolution to further investigate physical and chemical processes in pre-stellar cores. Here we present the velocity-resolved Herschel-HIFI observations of the ortho-NH3(10 − 00) line at 572 GHz and study the abundance profile of ammonia across the pre-stellar core L1544 to test current theories of its physical and chemical structure. Recently calculated collisional coefficients have been included in our non-LTE radiative transfer code to reproduce Herschel observations. A gas-grain chemical model, including spin-state chemistry and applied to the (static) physical structure of L1544 is also used to infer the abundance profile of ortho-NH3. The hyperfine structure of ortho-NH3(10 − 00) is resolved for the first time in space. All the hyperfine components are strongly self-absorbed. The profile can be reproduced if the core is contracting in quasi-equilibrium, consistent with previous work, and if the NH3 abundance is slightly rising toward the core centre, as deduced from previous interferometric observations of para-NH3(1, 1). The chemical model overestimates the NH3 abundance at radii between ≃4000 and 15 000 AU by about two orders of magnitude and underestimates the abundance toward the core centre by more than one order of magnitude. Our observations show that chemical models applied to static clouds have problems in reproducing NH3 observations.
Key words: astrochemistry / line: profiles / radiative transfer / methods: observational / ISM: clouds / ISM: molecules
© ESO, 2017
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.