Volume 601, May 2017
|Number of page(s)||22|
|Section||Atomic, molecular, and nuclear data|
|Published online||10 May 2017|
X-ray emission from thin plasmas
Collisional ionization for atoms and ions of H to Zn
1 SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584 CA Utrecht, The Netherlands
2 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
Received: 29 November 2016
Accepted: 16 February 2017
Every observation of astrophysical objects involving a spectrum requires atomic data for the interpretation of line fluxes, line ratios, and ionization state of the emitting plasma. One of the processes that determines it is collisional ionization. In this study, an update of the direct ionization (DI) and excitation-autoionization (EA) processes is discussed for the H to Zn-like isoelectronic sequences. In recent years, new laboratory measurements and theoretical calculations of ionization cross-sections have become available. We provide an extension and update of previous published reviews in the literature. We include the most recent experimental measurements and fit the cross-sections of all individual shells of all ions from H to Zn. These data are described using an extension of Younger’s and Mewe’s formula, suitable for integration over a Maxwellian velocity distribution to derive the subshell ionization rate coefficients. These ionization rate coefficients are incorporated in the high-resolution plasma code and spectral fitting tool SPEX V3.0.
Key words: atomic data / plasmas / radiation mechanisms: general / X-rays: general
© ESO, 2017
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