Volume 601, May 2017
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||19 April 2017|
Simultaneous dual-frequency radio observations of S5 0716+714: A search for intraday variability with the Korean VLBI Network⋆
1 Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute 776, Daedeok-daero, Yuseong-gu, 34055 Daejeon, Republic of Korea
2 Department of Astronomy and Space Science, Kyung Hee University, 1732, Deogyeong-daero, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, 17104 Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea
3 Korea University of Science and Technology, 217, Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, 34113 Daejeon, Republic of Korea
Received: 20 July 2016
Accepted: 8 February 2017
This study aims to search for the existence of intraday variability (IDV) of BL Lac object S5 0716+714 at high radio frequencies for which the interstellar scintillation effect is not significant. Using the 21-m radio telescope of the Korean VLBI Network (KVN), we present results of multi-epoch simultaneous dual-frequency radio observations. Single-dish observations of S5 0716+714 were simultaneously conducted at 21.7 GHz (K-band) and 42.4 GHz (Q-band), with a high cadence of 30–60 min intervals. We observed four epochs between December 2009 and June 2010. Over the whole set of observation epochs, S5 0716+714 showed significant inter-month variations in flux density at both the K- and Q-bands, with modulation indices of approximately 19% for the K-band and approximately 36% for the Q-band. In all epochs, no clear intraday variability was detected at either frequency. The source shows monotonic flux density increase in epochs 1 and 3 and monotonic flux density decrease in epochs 2 and 4. In the flux density increasing phases, the flux densities at the Q-band increase more rapidly. In the decreasing phase, no significant flux density difference is seen at the two frequencies. The situation could be different close to flux density peaks that we did not witness in our observations. We find an inverted spectrum with mean spectral indices, (Sν ∝ ν− α), of –0.57 ± 0.13 in epoch 1 and −0.15 ± 0.11 in epoch 3. On the other hand, we find relatively steep indices of +0.24 ± 0.14 and +0.17 ± 0.18 in epochs 2 and 4, respectively. We conclude that the frequency dependence of the variability and the change of the spectral index are caused by source-intrinsic effects rather than by any extrinsic scintillation effect.
Key words: galaxies: active / BL Lacertae objects: individual: S5 0716+714 / galaxies: jets / radio continuum: galaxies
The light curve data are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/601/A12
© ESO, 2017
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