Volume 601, May 2017
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||10 May 2017|
The supersoft X-ray source in V5116 Sagittarii
I. The high resolution spectra⋆
1 Departament de Física, EEBE, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. BarcelonaTech. Av. d’Eduard Maristany 10–14, 08019 Barcelona, Spain
2 Institut d’Estudis Espacials de Catalunya, c/Gran Capità 2–4, Ed. Nexus-201, 08034 Barcelona, Spain
3 Science Operations Division, Science Operations Department of ESA, ESAC, 28691 Villanueva de la Cañada, Spain
4 Institut de Ciències de l’Espai (ICE-CSIC). Campus UAB. c/ Can Magrans s/n, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
5 Max-Planck-Institut für Extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbach-Str. 1, 85748 Garching, Germany
Received: 18 May 2016
Accepted: 22 March 2017
Context. Classical nova explosions occur on the surface of an accreting white dwarf in a binary system. After ejection of a fraction of the envelope and when the expanding shell becomes optically thin to X-rays, a bright source of supersoft X-rays arises, powered by residual H burning on the surface of the white dwarf. While the general picture of the nova event is well established, the details and balance of accretion and ejection processes in classical novae are still full of unknowns. The long-term balance of accreted matter is of special interest for massive accreting white dwarfs, which may be promising supernova Ia progenitor candidates. Nova V5116 Sgr 2005b was observed as a bright and variable supersoft X-ray source by XMM-Newton in March 2007, 610 days after outburst. The light curve showed a periodicity consistent with the orbital period. During one third of the orbit the luminosity was a factor of seven brighter than during the other two thirds of the orbital period.
Aims. In the present work we aim to disentangle the X-ray spectral components of V5116 Sgr and their variability.
Methods. We present the high resolution spectra obtained with XMM-Newton RGS and Chandra LETGS/HRC-S in March and August 2007.
Results. The grating spectrum during the periods of high-flux shows a typical hot white dwarf atmosphere dominated by absorption lines of N VI and N VII. During the low-flux periods, the spectrum is dominated by an atmosphere with the same temperature as during the high-flux period, but with several emission features superimposed. Some of the emission lines are well modeled with an optically thin plasma in collisional equilibrium, rich in C and N, which also explains some excess in the spectra of the high-flux period. No velocity shifts are observed in the absorption lines, with an upper limit set by the spectral resolution of 500 km s-1, consistent with the expectation of a non-expanding atmosphere so late in the evolution of the post-nova.
Key words: novae, cataclysmic variables / X-rays: binaries / X-rays: individuals: V5116 Sgr / X-rays: stars
© ESO, 2017
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.