1 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
2 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
3 Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D bus 2401, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
4 Instituto de Física y Astronomía, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valparaíso, Av. Gran Bretaña 1111, 5030 Casilla, Valparaíso, Chile
5 Herschel Science Centre, European Space Astronomy Centre, ESA, PO Box 78, Villanueva de la Cañada, Spain
6 ISDEFE, Beatriz de Bobadilla 3, 28040 Madrid, Spain
7 Department of Physics & Astronomy, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
8 Astronomy, Astrophysics and Astrophotonics Research Centre, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
Received: 27 February 2017
Accepted: 15 March 2017
The importance of long-period binaries for the formation and evolution of planetary nebulae is still rather poorly understood, which in part is due to the lack of central star systems that are known to comprise such long-period binaries. Here, we report on the latest results from the on-going Mercator-HERMES survey for variability in the central stars of planetary nebulae. We present a study of the central stars of NGC 1514, BD+30°623, the spectrum of which shows features associated with a hot nebular progenitor as well as a possible A-type companion. Cross-correlation of high-resolution HERMES spectra against synthetic spectra shows the system to be a highly eccentric (e ~ 0.5) double-lined binary with a period of ~3300 days. Previous studies indicated that the cool component might be a horizontal branch star of mass ~0.55 M⊙, but the observed radial velocity amplitudes rule out such a low mass. If we assume that the nebular symmetry axis and binary orbital plane are perpendicular, then the data are more consistent with a post-main-sequence star ascending towards the giant branch. We also present the continued monitoring of the central star of LoTr 5, HD 112313, which has now completed one full cycle, allowing the orbital period (P~2700 days) and eccentricity (e ~ 0.3) to be derived. To date, the orbital periods of BD+30°623 and HD 112313 are the longest to have been measured spectroscopically in the central stars of planetary nebulae. Furthermore, these systems, along with BD+33°2642, comprise the only spectroscopic wide-binary central stars currently known.
Key words: binaries: spectroscopic / stars: chemically peculiar / planetary nebulae: individual: LoTr 5 / planetary nebulae: individual: NGC 1514 / techniques: radial velocities
Based on observations made with the Mercator Telescope, operated on the island of La Palma by the Flemish Community, at the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias.
The radial velocity data for both objects are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/600/L9
© ESO, 2017