Volume 600, April 2017
|Number of page(s)||20|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||05 April 2017|
A refined mass distribution of the cluster MACS J0416.1−2403 from a new large set of spectroscopic multiply lensed sources⋆
1 Dipartimento di Fisica e Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Ferrara, via Saragat 1, 44122 Ferrara, Italy
2 Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano, Italy
3 Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
4 University Observatory Munich, Scheinerstrasse 1, 81679 Munich, Germany
5 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G. B. Tiepolo 11, 34143 Trieste, Italy
6 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, via Moiariello 16, 80131 Napoli, Italy
7 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
8 Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Postbus 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands
9 INFN–Sezione di Bologna, viale Berti Pichat 6/2, 40127 Bologna, Italy
10 Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Trieste, via G. B. Tiepolo 11, 34143 Trieste, Italy
11 INAF–Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi, 50125 Firenze, Italy
Received: 12 July 2016
Accepted: 13 December 2016
We report the spectroscopic confirmation of 22 new multiply lensed sources behind the Hubble Frontier Field (HFF) galaxy cluster MACS J0416.1−2403 (MACS 0416), using archival data from the Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) on the VLT. Combining with previous spectroscopic measurements of 15 other multiply imaged sources, we have obtained a sample of 102 secure multiple images with measured redshifts, the largest to date in a single strong lensing system. The newly confirmed sources are largely low-luminosity Lyman-α emitters with redshift in the range [ 3.08−6.15 ]. With such a large number of secure constraints, and a significantly improved sample of galaxy members in the cluster core, we have improved our previous strong lensing model and obtained a robust determination of the projected total mass distribution of MACS 0416. We find evidence of three cored dark-matter halos, adding to the known complexity of this merging system. The total mass density profile, as well as the sub-halo population, are found to be in good agreement with previous works. We update and make public the redshift catalog of MACS 0416 from our previous spectroscopic campaign with the new MUSE redshifts. We also release lensing maps (convergence, shear, magnification) in the standard HFF format.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: individual: MACS J0416.1-2403 / gravitational lensing: strong / cosmology: observations
Source catalog (full Table A.2) is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/600/A90
© ESO, 2017
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