Volume 597, January 2017
|Number of page(s)
|24 January 2017
Solar Hα features with hot onsets
II. A contrail fibril
1 Lingezicht Astrophysics, ’t Oosteneind 9, 4158 CA Deil, The Netherlands
2 Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, PO Box 1029, Blindern, 0315 Oslo, Norway
Received: 14 October 2015
Accepted: 22 September 2016
The solar chromosphere observed in Hα consists mostly of narrow fibrils. The longest typically originate in network or plage and arch far over adjacent internetwork. We use data from multiple telescopes to analyze one well-observed example in a quiet area. It resulted from the earlier passage of an accelerating disturbance in which the gas was heated to high temperature as in the spicule-II phenomenon. After this passage a dark Hα fibril appeared as a contrail. We use Saha-Boltzmann extinction estimation to gauge the onset and subsequent visibilities in various diagnostics and conclude that such Hα fibrils can indeed be contrail phenomena, not indicative of the thermodynamic and magnetic environment when they are observed but of more dynamic happenings before. They do not connect across internetwork cells but represent launch tracks of heating events and chart magnetic field during launch, not at present.
Key words: Sun: activity / Sun: atmosphere / Sun: magnetic fields
© ESO, 2017
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