Pulsations powered by hydrogen shell burning in white dwarfs
1 Grupo de Evolución Estelar y
Pulsaciones. Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas, Universidad Nacional de
La Plata, Paseo del Bosque
s/n, 1900 La
2 Instituto de Astrofísica de La Plata, Centro Científico Tecnológico La Plata, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Paseo del Bosque s/n, 1900 La Plata, Argentina
3 Department of Astronomy, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
Accepted: 11 June 2016
Context. In the absence of a third dredge-up episode during the asymptotic giant-branch phase, white dwarf models evolved from low-metallicity progenitors have a thick hydrogen envelope, which makes hydrogen shell burning be the most important energy source.
Aims. We investigate the pulsational stability of white dwarf models with thick envelopes to see whether nonradial g-mode pulsations are triggered by hydrogen burning, with the aim of placing constraints on hydrogen shell burning in cool white dwarfs and on a third dredge-up during the asymptotic giant-branch evolution of their progenitor stars.
Methods. We construct white-dwarf sequences from low-metallicity progenitors by means of full evolutionary calculations that take into account the entire history of progenitor stars, including the thermally pulsing and the post-asymptotic giant-branch phases, and analyze their pulsation stability by solving the linear, nonadiabatic, nonradial pulsation equations for the models in the range of effective temperatures Teff ~ 15 000−8000 K.
Results. We demonstrate that, for white dwarf models with masses M⋆ ≲ 0.71 M⊙ and effective temperatures 8500 ≲ Teff ≲ 11 600 K that evolved from low-metallicity progenitors (Z = 0.0001, 0.0005, and 0.001), the dipole (ℓ = 1) and quadrupole (ℓ = 2) g1-modes are excited mostly as a result of the hydrogen-burning shell through the ε-mechanism, in addition to other g-modes driven by either the κ − γ or the convective driving mechanism. However, the ε mechanism is insufficient to drive these modes in white dwarfs evolved from solar-metallicity progenitors.
Conclusions. We suggest that efforts should be made to observe the dipole g1-mode in white dwarfs associated with low-metallicity environments, such as globular clusters and/or the galactic halo, to place constraints on hydrogen shell burning in cool white dwarfs and the third dredge-up episode during the preceding asymptotic giant-branch phase.
Key words: stars: evolution / stars: interiors / stars: oscillations / white dwarfs
© ESO, 2016