Volume 590, June 2016
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||10 May 2016|
Fan-shaped jets above the light bridge of a sunspot driven by reconnection⋆
Institute for Solar PhysicsDepartment of Astronomy, Stockholm University,
AlbaNova University Centre,
2 Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, PO Box 1029 Blindern, 0315 Oslo, Norway
Received: 21 December 2015
Accepted: 1 April 2016
We report on a fan-shaped set of high-speed jets above a strongly magnetized light bridge (LB) of a sunspot observed in the Hα line. We study the origin, dynamics, and thermal properties of the jets using high-resolution imaging spectroscopy in Hα from the Swedish 1m Solar Telescope and data from the Solar Dynamics Observatory and Hinode. The Hα jets have lengths of 7–38 Mm, are impulsively accelerated to a speed of ~100 km s-1 close to photospheric footpoints in the LB, and exhibit a constant deceleration consistent with solar effective gravity. They are predominantly launched from one edge of the light bridge, and their footpoints appear bright in the Hα wings. Atmospheric Imaging Assembly data indicates elongated brightenings that are nearly co-spatial with the Hα jets. We interpret them as jets of transition region temperatures. The magnetic field in the light bridge has a strength of 0.8−2 kG and it is nearly horizontal. All jet properties are consistent with magnetic reconnection as the driver.
Key words: techniques: imaging spectroscopy / Sun: chromosphere / Sun: photosphere / sunspots
Movies associated to Figs. 1 and 2 are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2016
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