Volume 589, May 2016
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Published online||20 April 2016|
Clumpy wind accretion in supergiant neutron star high mass X-ray binaries
1 ISDC Data Centre for Astrophysics, Chemin d’Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
2 Institut für Physik und Astronomie, Universität Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse 24/25, 14476 Potsdam, Germany
3 International Space Science Institute (ISSI), Hallerstrasse 6, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
4 International Space Science Institute in Beijing, No. 1 Nan Er Tiao, Zhong Guan Cun, 100190 Beijing, PR China
Received: 19 February 2016
Accepted: 16 March 2016
The accretion of the stellar wind material by a compact object represents the main mechanism powering the X-ray emission in classical supergiant high mass X-ray binaries and supergiant fast X-ray transients. In this work we present the first attempt to simulate the accretion process of a fast and dense massive star wind onto a neutron star, taking into account the effects of the centrifugal and magnetic inhibition of accretion (“gating”) due to the spin and magnetic field of the compact object. We made use of a radiative hydrodynamical code to model the nonstationary radiatively driven wind of an O-B supergiant star and then place a neutron star characterized by a fixed magnetic field and spin period at a certain distance from the massive companion. Our calculations follow, as a function of time (on a total timescale of several hours), the transitions of the system through all different accretion regimes that are triggered by the intrinsic variations in the density and velocity of the nonstationary wind. The X-ray luminosity released by the system is computed at each time step by taking into account the relevant physical processes occurring in the different accretion regimes. Synthetic lightcurves are derived and qualitatively compared with those observed from classical supergiant high mass X-ray binaries and supergiant fast X-ray transients. Although a number of simplifications are assumed in these calculations, we show that taking into account the effects of the centrifugal and magnetic inhibition of accretion significantly reduces the average X-ray luminosity expected for any neutron star wind-fed binary. The present model calculations suggest that long spin periods and stronger magnetic fields are favored in order to reproduce the peculiar behavior of supergiant fast X-ray transients in the X-ray domain.
Key words: stars: neutron / X-rays: binaries / supergiants
© ESO, 2016
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