Volume 588, April 2016
|Number of page(s)||22|
|Section||Catalogs and data|
|Published online||30 March 2016|
Exploring the crowded central region of ten Galactic globular clusters using EMCCDs
1 SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St. Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, KY16 9SS, UK
2 European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Straße 2, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
3 Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute (QEERI), HBKU, Qatar Foundation, Doha, Qatar
4 Centre for Electronic Imaging, Dept. of Physical Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, UK
5 Niels Bohr Institute and Centre for Star and Planet Formation, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 5, 1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark
6 Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
7 Dipartimento di Fisica “E. R. Caianiello”, Università di Salerno, via Giovanni Paolo II 132, 84084 - Fisciano (SA), Italy
8 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Napoli, Napoli, Italy
9 NASA Exoplanet Science Institute, MS 100-22, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena CA 91125, USA
10 Istituto Internazionale per gli Alti Studi Scientifici (IIASS), 84019 Vietri Sul Mare (SA), Italy
11 Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
12 Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650011 Kunming, PR China
13 Key Laboratory for the Structure and Evolution of Celestial Objects, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 650011 Kunming, PR China
14 Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 305-348 Daejeon, Republic of Korea
15 Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO (FINCA), University of Turku, Väisäläntie 20, 21500 Piikkiö, Finland
16 Instituto de Astrofísica, Facultad de Física, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Vicuña Mackenna 4860, 7820436 Macul, Santiago, Chile
17 Department of Physics, Sharif University of Technology, PO Box 11155-9161, Tehran, Iran
18 Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
19 Planetary and Space Sciences, Department of Physical Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK
20 Max-Planck-Institute for Solar System Research, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 3, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
21 Astrophysics Group, Keele University, Staffordshire, ST5 5BG, UK
22 Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740 Cortona Drive, Suite 102, Goleta, CA 93117, USA
23 Institut d’Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, Allée du 6 Août, Bât. B5c, 4000 Liège, Belgium
Received: 26 October 2015
Accepted: 22 December 2015
Aims. We aim to obtain time-series photometry of the very crowded central regions of Galactic globular clusters; to obtain better angular resolution thanhas been previously achieved with conventional CCDs on ground-based telescopes; and to complete, or improve, the census of the variable star population in those stellar systems.
Methods. Images were taken using the Danish 1.54-m Telescope at the ESO observatory at La Silla in Chile. The telescope was equipped with an electron-multiplying CCD, and the short-exposure-time images obtained (ten images per second) were stacked using the shift-and-add technique to produce the normal-exposure-time images (minutes). Photometry was performed via difference image analysis. Automatic detection of variable stars in the field was attempted.
Results. The light curves of 12 541 stars in the cores of ten globular clusters were statistically analysed to automatically extract the variable stars. We obtained light curves for 31 previously known variable stars (3 long-period irregular, 2 semi-regular, 20 RR Lyrae, 1 SX Phoenicis, 3 cataclysmic variables, 1 W Ursae Majoris-type and 1 unclassified) and we discovered 30 new variables (16 long-period irregular, 7 semi-regular, 4 RR Lyrae, 1 SX Phoenicis and 2 unclassified). Fluxes and photometric measurements for these stars are available in electronic form through the Strasbourg astronomical Data Center.
Key words: blue stragglers / galaxies: star clusters: general / globular clusters: general / stars: variables: RR Lyrae / novae, cataclysmic variables / instrumentation: high angular resolution
Based on data collected by the MiNDSTEp team with the Danish 1.54m telescope at ESO’s La Silla observatory in Chile.
Full Table 1 is only available at CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (18.104.22.168) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/588/A128
© ESO, 2016
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