Volume 588, April 2016
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||01 April 2016|
MUSE crowded field 3D spectroscopy of over 12 000 stars in the globular cluster NGC 6397
II. Probing the internal dynamics and the presence of a central black hole⋆
Institut für Astrophysik, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen,
2 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
3 Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, CAUP, Rua das Estrelas, PT 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
4 ESO, European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild Str. 2, 85748 Garching bei Muenchen, Germany
5 Leibniz-Institut für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam, Germany
6 Institut für Physik und Astronomie, Universität Potsdam, 14476 Potsdam, Germany
7 CRAL, Observatoire de Lyon, CNRS, Université Lyon 1, 9 avenue Ch. André, 69561 Saint-Genis-Laval Cedex, France
Received: 27 July 2015
Accepted: 5 January 2016
We present a detailed analysis of the kinematics of the Galactic globular cluster NGC 6397 based on more than ~18 000 spectra obtained with the novel integral field spectrograph MUSE. While NGC 6397 is often considered a core collapse cluster, our analysis suggests a flattening of the surface brightness profile at the smallest radii. Although it is among the nearest globular clusters, the low velocity dispersion of NGC 6397 of < 5 km s-1 imposes heavy demands on the quality of the kinematical data. We show that despite its limited spectral resolution, MUSE reaches an accuracy of 1 km s-1 in the analysis of stellar spectra. We find slight evidence for a rotational component in the cluster and the velocity dispersion profile that we obtain shows a mild central cusp. To investigate the nature of this feature, we calculate spherical Jeans models and compare these models to our kinematical data. This comparison shows that if a constant mass-to-light ratio is assumed, the addition of an intermediate-mass black hole with a mass of 600 M⊙ brings the model predictions into agreement with our data, and therefore could be at the origin of the velocity dispersion profile. We further investigate cases with varying mass-to-light ratios and find that a compact dark stellar component can also explain our observations. However, such a component would closely resemble the black hole from the constant mass-to-light ratio models as this component must be confined to the central ~5″ of the cluster and must have a similar mass. Independent constraints on the distribution of stellar remnants in the cluster or kinematic measurements at the highest possible spatial resolution should be able to distinguish the two alternatives.
Key words: globular clusters: individual: NGC 6397 / stars: kinematics and dynamics / techniques: radial velocities / techniques: imaging spectroscopy / black hole physics
© ESO, 2016
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