Period spacings in red giants
I. Disentangling rotation and revealing core structure discontinuities
1 LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Université Paris Diderot, 92195 Meudon, France
2 Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, IRAP, 31400 Toulouse, France
3 CNRS, IRAP, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
Received: 28 July 2015
Accepted: 16 September 2015
Context. Asteroseismology allows us to probe the physical conditions inside the core of red giant stars. This process relies on the properties of the global oscillations with a mixed character that are highly sensitive to the physical properties of the core. However, overlapping rotational splittings and mixed-mode spacings result in complex structures in the mixed-mode pattern, which severely complicates its identification and the measurement of the asymptotic period spacing.
Aims. This work aims at disentangling the rotational splittings from the mixed-mode spacings in order to open the way to a fully automated analysis of large data sets.
Methods. An analytical development of the mixed-mode asymptotic expansion is used to derive the period spacing between two consecutive mixed modes. The échelle diagrams constructed with the appropriately stretched periods are used to exhibit the structure of the gravity modes and of the rotational splittings.
Results. We propose a new view of the mixed-mode oscillation pattern based on corrected periods, called stretched periods, that mimic the evenly spaced gravity-mode pattern. This provides a direct understanding of all oscillation components, even in the case of rapid rotation. In this way, the measurement of the asymptotic period spacing and the signature of the structural glitches on mixed modes can be performed easily.
Conclusions. This work makes it possible to derive all seismic global parameters in an automated way, including the identification of the different rotational multiplets and the measurement of the rotational splitting, even when this splitting is significantly larger than the period spacing. Revealing buoyancy glitches provides a detailed view of the radiative core.
Key words: stars: oscillations / stars: interiors / stars: evolution
© ESO, 2015