The little-studied cluster Berkeley 90
II. The foreground ISM
1 Centro de Astrobiología, CSIC-INTA, campus ESAC, apartado postal 78, 28 691 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain
2 Departamento de Física y Astronomía, Universidad de La Serena, Av. Cisternas 1200 Norte, La Serena, Chile
3 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía-CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, 18 008 Granada, Spain
4 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38 200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
5 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38 205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Received: 8 June 2015
Accepted: 21 September 2015
Context. Nearly one century after their discovery, the carrier or carriers of diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) is/are still unknown and there are few sightlines studied in detail for a large number of DIBs.
Aims. We want to study the ISM sightlines toward LS III +46 11 and LS III +46 12, two early-O-type stellar systems, and LS III +46 11 B, a mid-B-type star. The three targets are located in the stellar cluster Berkeley 90 and have a high extinction.
Methods. We used the multiepoch high-S/N optical spectra presented in Paper I, the extinction results derived there, and additional spectra.
Results. We measured equivalent widths, velocities, and FWHMs for a large number of absorption lines in the rich ISM spectrum in front of Berkeley 90. The absorbing ISM has at least two clouds at different velocities, one with a lower column density (thinner) in the K i lines located away from Berkeley 90 and another with a higher column density (thicker) associated with the cluster. The first cloud has similar properties for both O-star sightlines, but the second is thicker for LS III +46 11. The comparison between species indicate that the cloud with a higher column density has a denser core, allowing us to classify the DIBs in a σ−ζ scale, some of these for the first time. The LS III +46 12 sightline also has a high-velocity redshifted component.
Key words: dust, extinction / ISM: lines and bands / open clusters and associations: individual: Berkeley 90 / stars: early-type / stars: individual: LS III +46 11 / stars: individual: LS III +46 12
© ESO, 2015