Universal predictions of screened modified gravity on cluster scales
1 Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, Postboks 1029, 0315 Oslo, Norway
2 Astrophysics, University of Oxford, DWB, Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3RH, UK
Received: 27 May 2015
Accepted: 31 August 2015
Modified gravity models require a screening mechanism to be able to evade the stringent constraints from local gravity experiments and, at the same time, give rise to observable astrophysical and cosmological signatures. Such screened modified gravity models necessarily have dynamics determined by complex nonlinear equations that usually need to be solved on a model-by-model basis to produce predictions. This makes testing them a cumbersome process. In this paper, we investigate whether there is a common signature for all the different models that is suitable to testing them on cluster scales. To do this we propose an observable related to the fifth force, which can be observationally related to the ratio of dynamical-to-lensing mass of a halo, and then show that the predictions for this observable can be rescaled to a near universal form for a large class of modified gravity models. We demonstrate this using the Hu-Sawicki f(R), the Symmetron, the nDGP, and the Dilaton models, as well as unifying parametrizations. The universal form is determined by only three quantities: a strength, a mass, and a width parameter. We also show how these parameters can be derived from a specific theory. This self-similarity in the predictions can hopefully be used to search for signatures of modified gravity on cluster scales in a model-independent way.
Key words: large-scale structure of Universe / dark energy / galaxies: clusters: general / galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / gravitation
© ESO, 2015