Volume 583, November 2015
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Published online||27 October 2015|
Kinematics of Haro 11: The miniature Antennae⋆
Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Astronomy, Stockholm
2 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, Box 515, 751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
3 Onsala Space Observatory, Chalmers University of Technology, 43992 Onsala, Sweden
4 Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, LAM (Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille), 13388 Marseille, France
Received: 11 December 2013
Accepted: 27 July 2015
Luminous blue compact galaxies are among the most active galaxies in the local Universe in terms of their star formation rate per unit mass. They are rare at the current cosmic epoch, but were more abundant in the past and may be seen as the local analogues of higher red shift Lyman break galaxies. Studies of their kinematics is key to understanding what triggers their unusually active star formation. In this work, we investigate the kinematics of stars and ionised gas in Haro 11, one of the most luminous blue compact galaxies in the local Universe. Previous works have indicated that many of these galaxies may be triggered by galaxy mergers. We have employed Fabry-Perot interferometry, long-slit spectroscopy, and integral field unit (IFU) spectroscopy to explore the kinematics of Haro 11. We target the near-infrared calcium triplet, and use cross-correlation and penalised pixel fitting techniques to derive the stellar velocity field and velocity dispersion. We analyse ionised gas through emission lines from hydrogen, [O iii], and [S iii]. When spectral resolution and signal to noise allows, we investigate the line profile in detail and identify multiple velocity components when present. The spectra reveal a complex velocity field whose components, both stellar and gaseous, we attempt to disentangle. We find that to first order, the velocity field and velocity dispersions derived from stars and ionised gas agree. Hence the complexities reveal real dynamical disturbances providing further evidence for a merger in Haro 11. Through decomposition of emission lines, we find evidence for kinematically distinct components, for instance, a tidal arm. The ionised gas velocity field can be traced to large galactocentric radii, and shows significant velocity dispersion even far out in the halo. If interpreted as virial motions, this indicates that Haro 11 may have a mass of ~1011 M⊙. Haro 11 shows many resemblances with the famous Antennae galaxies both morphologically and kinematically, but it is much denser, which is the likely explanation for the higher star formation efficiency in Haro 11.
Key words: galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / galaxies: interactions / galaxies: evolution / galaxies: individual: Haro 11 / galaxies: starburst
© ESO, 2015
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