Volume 582, October 2015
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Published online||14 October 2015|
The spectral energy distribution of galaxies at z > 2.5: Implications from the Herschel/SPIRE color–color diagram⋆
Key Laboratory for Research in Galaxies and Cosmology, Shanghai
CAS, 80 Nandan Road,
2 Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, LAM (Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Marseille), UMR 7326, 13388 Marseille, France
3 University of Crete, Department of Physics, 71003 Heraklion, Greece
4 Institute for Astronomy, Astrophysics, Space Applications and Remote Sensing, National Observatory of Athens, 15236 Penteli, Greece
5 Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421, USA
Received: 10 December 2014
Accepted: 16 June 2015
We use the Herschel SPIRE color–color diagram to study the spectral energy distribution (SED) and the redshift estimation of high-z galaxies. We compiled a sample of 57 galaxies with spectroscopically confirmed redshifts and SPIRE detections in all three bands at z = 2.5–6.4, and compared their average SPIRE colors with SED templates from local and high-z libraries. We find that local SEDs are inconsistent with high-z observations. The local calibrations of the parameters need to be adjusted to describe the average colors of high-z galaxies. For high-z libraries, the templates with an evolution from z = 0 to 3 can well describe the average colors of the observations at high redshift. Using these templates, we defined color cuts to divide the SPIRE color–color diagram into different regions with different mean redshifts. We tested this method and two other color cut methods using a large sample of 783 Herschel-selected galaxies, and find that although these methods can separate the sample into populations with different mean redshifts, the dispersion of redshifts in each population is considerably large. Additional information is needed for better sampling.
Key words: galaxies: evolution / galaxies: high-redshift / infrared: galaxies
Table 1 and Appendix A are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2015
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