Insights into the properties of the Local (Orion) spiral arm. NGC 2302: First results and description of the program⋆,⋆⋆
1 Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago, Chile
2 SIM/CENTRA, Faculdade de Ciencias de Universidade de Lisboa, Ed. C8, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
3 ESO, Alonso de Cordova 3107, 19001 Santiago de Chile, Chile
4 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Padova, 35131 Padova, Italy
5 Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas (UNLP), Instituto de Astrofísica de La Plata (CONICET, UNLP), Paseo del Bosque s/n, B1900 FWA La Plata, Argentina
Received: 2 February 2015
Accepted: 17 April 2015
Context. The spiral structure of the Milky Way (MW) is highly uncertain and is the subject of much discussion nowadays. Even the spiral structure close to the Sun and the real nature of the so-called Local or Orion arm are poorly known.
Aims. We present the first result from a program that determines the properties of the Local (Orion) spiral arm (LOA), together with a full description of the program. In this context we have made a comprehensive study of the young LOA open cluster NGC 2302, which includes a UBVRI photometric analysis and determination of its kinematic properties – proper motion (PM) and radial velocity (RV) – and of its orbital parameters.
Methods. Making a geometric registration of our ad-hoc first- and second-epoch CCD frames (12-year timeframe), we determined the mean PM of NGC 2302 relative to the local field of disk stars, and, through a comparison with the UCAC4 catalog, we transformed this relative PM into an absolute one. Using medium-resolution spectroscopy of 26 stars in the field of NGC 2302, we derived its mean RV. We determined the cluster’s structure, center, and radius by means of a density analysis of star counts. Photometric diagrams for several color combinations were built using our data, which allowed us to identify the stellar populations present in the field of NGC 2302 and to carry out our photometric membership analysis. Isochrone fits to the photometric diagrams allowed us to determine the fundamental parameters of NGC 2302, including reddening, distance, and age. The kinematic data and derived distance allowed us to determine the space motion of NGC 2302. This was done by adopting a time-independent, axisymmetric, and fully analytic gravitational potential for the MW.
Results. We obtained an absolute PM for NGC 2302 of (μαcosδ,μδ) = (−2.09,−2.11) mas yr-1, with standard errors of 0.410 and 0.400 mas yr-1. The mean RV of NGC 2302 turned out to be 31.2 km s-1 with a standard error of 0.7 km s-1. The density analysis revealed a remarkably spherical concentration of stars centered at α2000 = 06:51:51.820, δ2000 = −07:05:10.68 with a radius of 2.5′. Although densely contaminated by field stars, all our photometric diagrams show a recognizable cluster sequence of bright stars (V ≤ 18). The color–color diagrams show the existence of more than one population, each affected by distinct reddening with the cluster sequence at E(B−V) = 0.23. Isochrone fits displaced for this reddening and for a distance modulus of (m−M)0 = 10.69 (distance, d = 1.40 kpc) indicate an age of log (t) = 7.90–8.00 with a slight tendency toward the younger age. Inspection of the shape of the orbit of NGC 2302 and the resulting orbital parameters indicate that it is a typical population I object.
Key words: proper motions / open clusters and associations: general / open clusters and associations: individual: NGC 2302 / Galaxy: disk
Based on observations collected at the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory and at Las Campanas Observatory.
Full Table 2 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/580/A4
© ESO, 2015