Volume 564, April 2014
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||10 April 2014|
Proper motions of the optically visible open clusters based on the UCAC4 catalog⋆
1 UNIFEI, Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Universidade Federal de Itajubá, Av. BPS 1303 Pinheirinho, 37500-903 Itajubá, MG Brazil
2 Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas, Universidade de São Paulo, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo SP, Brazil
3 Observatório do Valongo, UFRJ, Ladeira Pedro Antonio 43, 20080-090 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Received: 10 December 2013
Accepted: 12 February 2014
We present a catalog of mean proper motions and membership probabilities of individual stars for optically visible open clusters, which have been determined using data from the UCAC4 catalog in a homogeneous way. The mean proper motion of the cluster and the membership probabilities of the stars in the region of each cluster were determined by applying the statistical method in a modified fashion. In this study, we applied a global optimization procedure to fit the observed distribution of proper motions with two overlapping normal bivariate frequency functions, which also take the individual proper motion errors into account. For 724 clusters, this is the first determination of proper motion, and for the whole sample, we present results with a much larger number of identified astrometric member stars. Furthermore, it was possible to estimate the mean radial velocity of 364 clusters (102 unpublished so far) with the stellar membership using published radial velocity catalogs. These results provide an increase of 30% and 19% in the sample of open clusters with a determined mean absolute proper motion and mean radial velocity, respectively.
Key words: open clusters and associations: general
Tables 2 to 1809 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/564/A79
© ESO, 2014
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