Volume 580, August 2015
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||14 August 2015|
A new HW Vir binary from the Palomar Transient Factory
PTF1 J072455.75+125300.3: An eclipsing subdwarf B binary with a M-star companion⋆
1 Dr. Remeis-Observatory & ECAP, Astronomical Institute, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Sternwartstr. 7, 96049 Bamberg, Germany
2 Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
3 Institute for Astro- and Particle Physics, University of Innsbruck, Technikerstr. 25/8, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
4 Department of Astrophysics/IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Received: 23 December 2014
Accepted: 10 June 2015
We report the discovery of an eclipsing binary – PTF1 J072456+125301– composed of a subdwarf B (sdB) star (g′ = 17.2m) with a faint companion. Subdwarf B stars are core helium-burning stars, which can be found on the extreme horizontal branch. About half of them reside in close binary systems, but few are known to be eclipsing, for which fundamental stellar parameters can be derived. We conducted an analysis of photometric data and spectra from the Palomar 60′′ and the 200′′ Hale telescope, respectively. A quantitative spectral analysis found an effective temperature of Teff = 33 900 ± 350 K, log g = 5.74 ± 0.08, and log (nHe/nH) = −2.02 ± 0.07, typical for an sdB star. The companion does not contribute to the optical light of the system, except through a distinct reflection effect. From the light curve an orbital period of 0.09980(25) d and a system inclination of 83.56 ± 0.30° were derived. The radial velocity curve yielded an orbital semi-amplitude of K1 = 95.8 ± 8.1 km s-1. The mass for the M-type dwarf companion is 0.155 ± 0.020 M⊙. PTF1 J072456+125301 has similar atmospheric parameters to those of pulsating sdB stars (V346 Hya stars). Therefore it could be a high-priority object for asteroseismology, if pulsations were detected such as in the enigmatic case of NY Vir.
Key words: binaries: eclipsing / stars: early-type / stars: evolution / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: horizontal-branch / subdwarfs
Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2015
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