On the speed and acceleration of electron beams triggering interplanetary type III radio bursts⋆
Institute of Atmospheric Physics, The Czech Academy of
2 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
3 Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague 121 16, Czech Republic
4 LESIA, UMR CNRS 8109, Observatoire de Paris, 92195 Meudon, France
Received: 10 November 2014
Accepted: 19 June 2015
Aims. Type III radio bursts are intense radio emissions triggered by beams of energetic electrons often associated with solar flares. These exciter beams propagate outwards from the Sun along an open magnetic field line in the corona and in the interplanetary (IP) medium.
Methods. We performed a statistical survey of 29 simple and isolated IP type III bursts observed by STEREO/Waves instruments between January 2013 and September 2014. We investigated their time-frequency profiles in order to derive the speed and acceleration of exciter electron beams.
Results. We show these beams noticeably decelerate in the IP medium. Obtained speeds range from ~0.02c up to ~0.35c depending on initial assumptions. It corresponds to electron energies between tens of eV and hundreds of keV, and in order to explain the characteristic energies or speeds of type III electrons (~0.1c) observed simultaneously with Langmuir waves at 1 au, the emission of type III bursts near the peak should be predominately at double plasma frequency. Derived properties of electron beams can be used as input parameters for computer simulations of interactions between the beam and the plasma in the IP medium.
Key words: Sun: radio radiation / Sun: particle emission / plasmas / methods: data analysis
Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2015