Volume 579, July 2015
|Number of page(s)||17|
|Published online||30 June 2015|
1 Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana, Jadranska ulica 19, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2 INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via E. Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate, Italy
3 GEPI-Observatoire de Paris Meudon. 5 Place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
4 APC, Astroparticule et Cosmologie, Univ. Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/Irfu, Obs. de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cité, 10 rue Alice Domon et Léonie Duquet, 75205 Paris Cedex 13, France
5 Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
6 Centre for Astrophysics and Cosmology, Science Institute, University of Iceland, Dunhagi 5, 107 Reykjavík, Iceland
7 INAF–Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, via di Frascati 33, 00040 Monte Porzio Catone, Italy
8 ASI–Science Data Center, via del Politecnico snc, 00133 Rome, Italy
9 Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, PO Box 94249, 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
10 ARI – Liverpool John Moores University, IC2 Liverpool Science Park, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool, L3 5RF, UK
11 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Coórdova 3107, Vitacura, Casilla 19001, Santiago 19, Chile
12 Unidad Asociada Grupo Ciencias Planetarias (UPV/EHU, IAA-CSIC), Departamento de Física Aplicada I, E.T.S. Ingeniería, Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU), Alameda de Urquijo s/n, 48013 Bilbao, Spain
13 Ikerbasque, Basque Foundation for Science, Alameda de Urquijo 36-5, 48008 Bilbao, Spain
14 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (IAA-CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, 18008 Granada, Spain
15 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
Received: 15 January 2015
Accepted: 11 March 2015
We use gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglow spectra observed with the VLT/X-Shooter spectrograph to measure rest-frame extinction in GRB lines-of-sight by modelling the broadband near-infrared (NIR) to X-ray afterglow spectral energy distributions (SEDs). Our sample consists of nine Swift GRBs, of which eight belong to the long-duration and one to the short-duration class. Dust is modelled using the average extinction curves of the Milky Way and the two Magellanic Clouds. We derive the rest-frame extinction of the entire sample, which fall in the range 0 ≲ AV ≲ 1.2. Moreover, the SMC extinction curve is the preferred extinction curve template for the majority of our sample, a result that is in agreement with those commonly observed in GRB lines of sights. In one analysed case (GRB 120119A), the common extinction curve templates fail to reproduce the observed extinction. To illustrate the advantage of using the high-quality, X-Shooter afterglow SEDs over the photometric SEDs, we repeat the modelling using the broadband SEDs with the NIR-to-UV photometric measurements instead of the spectra. The main result is that the spectroscopic data, thanks to a combination of excellent resolution and coverage of the blue part of the SED, are more successful in constraining extinction curves and therefore dust properties in GRB hosts with respect to photometric measurements. In all cases but one the extinction curve of one template is preferred over the others. We show that themodelled values of the extinction AV and the spectral slope, obtained through spectroscopic and photometric SED analysis, can differ significantly for individual events, though no apparent trend in the differences is observed. Finally we stress that, regardless of the resolution of the optical-to-NIR data, the SED modelling gives reliable results only when the fit is performed on a SED covering a broader spectral region (in our case extending to X-rays).
Key words: gamma-ray burst: general / dust, extinction
Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory, Paranal, Chile, under programs 084.A-0260(B), 085.A-0009(B), 088.A-0051(B), 089.A-0067(B) and 091.C-0934(C).
Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2015
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.