UPMC-CNRS, UMR7095, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris,
98bis Bd Arago,
2 LAM, OAMP, Pôle de l’Étoile Site Château-Gombert, 38 rue Frédéric Juliot-Curie, 13388 Marseille Cedex 13, France
3 Center for Particle Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL 60510, USA
4 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, 18008 Granada, Spain
5 OCA, Cassiopée, Boulevard de l’Observatoire, BP 4229, 06304 Nice Cedex 4, France
6 Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, GEPI, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France
7 Department of Physics/Astronomy, CIREA, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208-2900, USA
8 ENS-Cachan, 61 avenue du président Wilson, 94235 Cachan Cedex, France
9 National Research Institute of Astronomy and Geophysics (NRIAG), 11421 Helwan, Cairo, Egypt
Received: 7 November 2014
Accepted: 23 March 2015
Context. The discovery of new galaxy clusters is important for two reasons. First, clusters are interesting per se, since their detailed analysis allows us to understand how galaxies form and evolve in various environments and second, they play an important part in cosmology because their number as a function of redshift gives constraints on cosmological parameters.
Aims. We have searched for galaxy clusters in the Stripe 82 region of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, and analysed various properties of the cluster galaxies.
Methods. Based on a recent photometric redshift (hereafter photo-z) galaxy catalogue, we built a cluster catalogue by applying the Adami & MAzure Cluster FInder (AMACFI). Extensive tests were made to fine-tune the AMACFI parameters and make the cluster detection as reliable as possible. The same method was applied to the Millennium simulation to estimate our detection efficiency and the approximate masses of the detected clusters. Considering all the cluster galaxies (i.e. within a 1 Mpc radius of the cluster to which they belong and with a photo-z differing by less than ± 0.05 from that of the cluster), we stacked clusters in various redshift bins to derive colour–magnitude diagrams and galaxy luminosity functions (GLFs). For each galaxy brighter than Mr< − 19.0, we computed the disk and spheroid components by applying SExtractor, and by stacking clusters we determined how the disk-to-spheroid flux ratio varies with cluster redshift and mass.
Results. We detected 3663 clusters in the redshift range 0.15 ≤ z ≤ 0.70, with estimated mean masses between ∼1013 and a few 1014 M⊙. We cross-matched our catalogue of candidate clusters with various catalogues extracted from optical and/or X-ray data. The percentages of redetected clusters are at most 40% because in all cases we detect relatively massive clusters, while other authors detect less massive structures. By stacking the cluster galaxies in various redshift bins, we find a clear red sequence in the (g′ − r′) versus r′ colour−magnitude diagrams, and the GLFs are typical of clusters, though with a possible contamination from field galaxies. The morphological analysis of the cluster galaxies shows that the fraction of late-type to early-type galaxies shows an increase with redshift (particularly in 9σ clusters) and a decrease with detection level, i.e. cluster mass.
Conclusions. From the properties of the cluster galaxies, the majority of the candidate clusters detected here seem to be real clusters with typical cluster properties.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: general / galaxies: luminosity function, mass function / galaxies: fundamental parameters
Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
The catalogue is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (188.8.131.52) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/578/A79
© ESO, 2015