Volume 578, June 2015
|Number of page(s)||41|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||22 May 2015|
Circumstellar discs in Galactic centre clusters: Disc-bearing B-type stars in the Quintuplet and Arches clusters⋆,⋆⋆,⋆⋆⋆
Argelander Institut für Astronomie, Universität Bonn,
Auf dem Hügel 71,
2 Astronomisches Recheninstitut, Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
3 Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
4 Max-Planck-Institut für extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse 1, 85748 Garching, Germany
5 Division of Astronomy and Astrophysics, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547, USA
6 Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
7 Department of Natural Sciences, University of Michigan-Dearborn, 125 Science Building, 4901 Evergreen Road, Dearborn, MI 48128, USA
8 Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
Accepted: 28 January 2015
We investigate the circumstellar disc fraction as determined from L-band excess observations of the young, massive Arches and Quintuplet clusters residing in the central molecular zone of the Milky Way. The Quintuplet cluster was searched for L-band excess sources for the first time. We find a total of 26 excess sources in the Quintuplet cluster, and 21 sources with L-band excesses in the Arches cluster, of which 13 are new detections. With the aid of proper motion membership samples, the disc fraction of the Quintuplet cluster could be derived for the first time to be 4.0 ± 0.7%. There is no evidence for a radially varying disc fraction in this cluster. In the case of the Arches cluster, a disc fraction of 9.2 ± 1.2% approximately out to the cluster’s predicted tidal radius, r< 1.5 pc, is observed. This excess fraction is consistent with our previously found disc fraction in the cluster in the radial range 0.3 <r< 0.8 pc. In both clusters, the host star mass range covers late A- to early B-type stars, 2 <M< 15 M⊙, as derived from J-band photospheric magnitudes. We discuss the unexpected finding of dusty circumstellar discs in these UV intense environments in the context of primordial disc survival and formation scenarios of secondary discs. We consider the possibility that the L-band excess sources in the Arches and Quintuplet clusters could be the high-mass counterparts to T Tauri pre-transitional discs. As such a scenario requires a long pre-transitional disc lifetime in a UV intense environment, we suggest that mass transfer discs in binary systems are a likely formation mechanism for the B-star discs observed in these starburst clusters.
Key words: techniques: high angular resolution / open clusters and associations: individual: Quintuplet / circumstellar matter / open clusters and associations: individual: Arches / astrometry / proper motions
Based on data obtained at the ESO VLT under programme IDs 085.D-0446, 089.D-0121 (PI: Stolte), 081.D-0572 (PI: Brandner), 087.D-0720, 089.D-0430 (PI: Olzcak), 071.C-0344 (PI: Eisenhauer), 60.A-9026 (NAOS/CONICA science verification), as well as Hubble Space Telescope observations under programmes 11671 (PI: Ghez).
Appendices are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
The photometric catalogue is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/578/A4
© ESO, 2015
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