CARMENES input catalogue of M dwarfs
I. Low-resolution spectroscopy with CAFOS⋆
Departamento de Astrofísica y Ciencias de la Atmósfera, Facultad
de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040
2 Institut de Ciències de l’Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB, Facultat Ciències, Torre C5 – parell – 2 a, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain
3 LESIA-Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, Univ. Paris-Diderot, 5 Pl. Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France
4 Departamento de Astrofísica, Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC–INTA), PO Box 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain
5 INAF−Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, via S. Sofia 78, 95123 Catania, Italy
6 Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
7 Institut für Astrophysik, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
8 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC), Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, 18008 Granada, Spain
9 Landessternwarte, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Königstuhl 12, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
Received: 4 February 2015
Accepted: 18 February 2015
Context. CARMENES is a stabilised, high-resolution, double-channel spectrograph at the 3.5 m Calar Alto telescope. It is optimally designed for radial-velocity surveys of M dwarfs with potentially habitable Earth-mass planets.
Aims. We prepare a list of the brightest, single M dwarfs in each spectral subtype observable from the northern hemisphere, from which we will select the best planet-hunting targets for CARMENES.
Methods. In this first paper on the preparation of our input catalogue, we compiled a large amount of public data and collected low-resolution optical spectroscopy with CAFOS at the 2.2 m Calar Alto telescope for 753 stars. We derived accurate spectral types using a dense grid of standard stars, a double least-squares minimisation technique, and 31 spectral indices previously defined by other authors. Additionally, we quantified surface gravity, metallicity, and chromospheric activity for all the stars in our sample.
Results. We calculated spectral types for all 753 stars, of which 305 are new and 448 are revised. We measured pseudo-equivalent widths of Hα for all the stars in our sample, concluded that chromospheric activity does not affect spectral typing from our indices, and tabulated 49 stars that had been reported to be young stars in open clusters, moving groups, and stellar associations. Of the 753 stars, two are new subdwarf candidates, three are T Tauri stars, 25 are giants, 44 are K dwarfs, and 679 are M dwarfs. Many of the 261 investigated dwarfs in the range M4.0–8.0 V are among the brightest stars known in their spectral subtype.
Conclusions. This collection of low-resolution spectroscopic data serves as a candidate target list for the CARMENES survey and can be highly valuable for other radial-velocity surveys of M dwarfs and for studies of cool dwarfs in the solar neighbourhood.
Key words: stars: activity / stars: late-type / stars: low-mass
Full Tables A.1, A.2, and A.3 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (184.108.40.206) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/577/A128
© ESO, 2015