Revising the ages of planet-hosting stars⋆
Dipartimento di Fisica e AstronomiaUniversità degli Studi di
Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 3,
2 Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, INAF, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
Received: 10 September 2014
Accepted: 14 November 2014
Aims. This article aims to measure the age of stars with planets (SWP) through stellar tracks and isochrones computed with the PAdova and TRieste Stellar Evolutionary Code (PARSEC).
Methods. We developed algorithms based on two different techniques for determining the ages of field stars: isochrone placement and Bayesian estimation. Their application to a synthetic sample of coeval stars shows the intrinsic limits of each method. For instance, the Bayesian computation of the modal age tends to select the extreme age values in the isochrones grid. Therefore, we used the isochrone placement technique to measure the ages of 317 SWP.
Results. We found that ~6% of SWP have ages lower than 0.5 Gyr. The age distribution peaks in the interval [1.5, 2) Gyr, then it decreases. However, ~7% of the stars are older than 11 Gyr. The Sun turns out to be a common star that hosts planets, when considering its evolutionary stage. Our SWP age distribution is less peaked and slightly shifted towards lower ages if compared with ages in the literature and based on the isochrone fit. In particular, there are no ages below 0.5 Gyr in the literature.
Key words: stars: fundamental parameters
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