Volume 575, March 2015
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||17 February 2015|
High-resolution observations of the outer disk around T Chamaeleontis: the view from ALMA
Centro de Astrobiología (INTA-CSIC), ESAC Campus, PO Box 78,
Villanueva de la Cañada,
2 Joint ALMA Observatory (JAO), Alonso de Córdova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago de Chile, Chile
3 European Southern Observatory, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany
4 Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, 18008 Granada, Spain
5 UMI-FCA, CNRS/INSU France (UMI 3386), and Dpto. de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36- D Santiago, Chile
6 Univ. Grenoble Alpes, IPAG, 38000 Grenoble, France
7 CNRS, IPAG, 38000 Grenoble, France
8 Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 2611, Australia
9 Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
10 LESIA, CNRS UMR-8109, Observatoire de Paris, UPMC, Univ. Paris Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
Received: 14 June 2014
Accepted: 26 January 2015
Context. Transitional disks are circumstellar disks with dust gaps thought to be related in some cases to planet formation. They can shed light on the planet formation process by the analysis of their gas and dust properties. T Cha is a young star surrounded by a transitional disk with signatures of planet formation.
Aims. The aim of this work is to spatially resolve the outer disk around T Cha and to derive its main properties.
Methods. We have obtained high-resolution and high-sensitivity ALMA observations in the CO(3–2), 13CO(3–2), and CS(7–6) emission lines to reveal the spatial distribution of the gaseous disk around the star. In order to study the dust within the disk we have also obtained continuum images at 850 μm from the line-free channels.
Results. We have spatially resolved the outer disk around T Cha. Using the CO(3−2) emission we derive a radius of ~230 AU. We also report the detection of the 13CO(3−2) and the CS(7−8) molecular emissions, which show smaller radii than the CO(3−2) detection. The continuum observations at 850 μm allow the spatial resolution of the dusty disk, which shows two emission bumps separated by ~40 AU, consistent with the presence of a dust gap in the inner regions of the disk, and an outer radius of ~80 AU. Therefore, T Cha is surrounded by a compact dusty disk and a larger and more diffuse gaseous disk, as previously observed in other young stars. The continuum intensity profiles are different at both sides of the disk suggesting possible dust asymmetries. We derive an inclination of i(°) = 67 ± 5, and a position angle of PA(°) = 113 ± 6, for both the gas and dust disks. The comparison of the ALMA data with radiative transfer models shows that the gas and dust components can only be simultaneously reproduced when we include a tapered edge prescription for the surface density profile. The best model suggests that most of the disk mass is placed within a radius of R< 50 AU. Finally, we derive a dynamical mass for the central object of M∗ = 1.5 ± 0.2 M⊙, comparable to the one estimated with evolutionary models for an age of ~10 Myr.
Key words: stars: pre-main sequence / stars: individual: T Chamaeleontis / protoplanetary disks / techniques: interferometric
© ESO, 2015
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.