Volume 573, January 2015
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||23 December 2014|
Constraints on the duality relation from ACT cluster data
Department of Physics, Imperial CollegeBlackett Laboratory,
2 Departamento de Astronomia, Observatório Nacional, 20921-400 Rio de Janeiro – RJ, Brazil
3 Departamento de Física, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba, 58429-500 Campina Grande – PB, Brazil
4 Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, 58429-900 Campina Grande – PB, Brazil
Received: 18 June 2014
Accepted: 8 August 2014
Aims. The cosmic distance-duality relation, dL(z) /dA(z)(1 + z)2 = η, where dL(z) and dA(z) are, respectively, the luminosity and the angular diameter distances and where η = 1 holds as long as the number of photons is conserved and gravity is described by a metric theory. Testing such hypotheses is, therefore, an important task for both cosmology and fundamental physics.
Methods. We estimated the gas mass fraction of 91 galaxy clusters (GC) from current measurements of the GC total mass recently reported by the Atacama Cosmology Telescope collaboration. We use these data, along with type Ia supernovae observations of the Union 2.1 compilation, to test a possible deviation from the value η = 1.
Results. Although they agree with the standard hypothesis, we find that this combination of both data tends to favor values of η less than 1, which might be associated with some physical processes that increase the number of photons and modifying the above relation to dL< (1 + z)2dA.
Key words: cosmology: theory / galaxies: clusters: general / distance scale
© ESO, 2014
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