Volume 573, January 2015
|Number of page(s)||23|
|Published online||11 December 2014|
The elemental composition of the Sun
III. The heavy elements Cu to Th⋆
1 Centre Spatial de Liège, Université de Liège, avenue Pré Aily, 4031 Angleur-Liège, Belgium
2 Institut d’Astrophysique et de Géophysique, Université de Liège, Allée du 6 août, 17, B5C, 4000 Liège, Belgium
3 Department of Physics, Imperial College London, Blackett Laboratory, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ, UK
4 Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Cotter Rd., Weston Creek, ACT 2611, Australia
5 Observatoire Royal de Belgique, avenue circulaire, 3, 1180 Bruxelles, Belgium
Received: 1 May 2014
Accepted: 1 September 2014
We re-evaluate the abundances of the elements in the Sun from copper (Z = 29) to thorium (Z = 90). Our results are mostly based on neutral and singly-ionised lines in the solar spectrum. We use the latest 3D hydrodynamic solar model atmosphere, and in a few cases also correct for departures from local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) using non-LTE (NLTE) calculations performed in 1D. In order to minimise statistical and systematic uncertainties, we make stringent line selections, employ the highest-quality observational data and carefully assess oscillator strengths, hyperfine constants and isotopic separations available in the literature, for every line included in our analysis. Our results are typically in good agreement with the abundances in the most pristine meteorites, but there are some interesting exceptions. This analysis constitutes both a full exposition and a slight update of the relevant parts of the preliminary results we presented in Asplund et al. (2009, ARA&A, 47, 481), including full line lists and details of all input data that we have employed.
Key words: Sun: abundances / Sun: photosphere / Sun: granulation / line: formation / line: profiles / convection
Tables 1–3 are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2014
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